Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering

July 14, 2023 Spotlight: Generative Transformers for Design Concept Generation

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On July 14, 2023, 10:00 AM (EDT, US & Canada) Prof. Jianxi Luo (Singapore University of Technology & Design), presented the JCISE July 2023 Spotlight Talk on his paper, “Generative Transformers for Design Concept Generation,” J. Comput. Inf. Sci. Eng. Aug 2023, 23(4): 041003, co-authored with Qihao Zhu.  


Generating novel and useful concepts is essential during the early design stage to explore a large variety of design opportunities, which usually requires advanced design thinking ability and a wide range of knowledge from designers. Growing works on computer-aided tools have explored the retrieval of knowledge and heuristics from design data. However, they only provide stimuli to inspire designers from limited aspects. This study explores the recent advance of the natural language generation (NLG) technique in the artificial intelligence (AI) field to automate the early stage design concept generation. Specifically, a novel approach utilizing the generative pretrained transformer (GPT) is proposed to leverage the knowledge and reasoning from textual data and transform them into new concepts in understandable language. Three concept generation tasks are defined to leverage different knowledge and reasoning: domain knowledge synthesis, problem-driven synthesis, and analogy-driven synthesis. The experiments with both human and data-driven evaluation show good performance in generating novel and useful concepts.


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Special Issue on Geometric Data Processing and Analysis for Advanced Manufacturing

Geometric information, such as three-dimensional (3D) shapes and network topologies, has been increasingly explored in manufacturing research. For example, characterizing geometric information in 3D-printed parts, in-situ or ex-situ, opens opportunities for defect detection, quality improvement, and product customization. However, geometric data mining remains critically challenging. Geometric information is embedded in complex data structures, such as 3D point clouds, graphs, meshes, voxels, high-dimensional images, and tensors, which possess challenges for analysis due to their high-dimensionality, high-volume, unstructured, multimodality characteristics. Additional challenges stem from compromised data quality (e.g., noisy and incomplete data), the need for registration, etc.


2023 Reviewer’s Recognition

The Editor and Editorial Board of the Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering would like to thank all of the reviewers for volunteering their expertise and time reviewing manuscripts in 2023. Serving as reviewers for the journal is a critical service necessary to maintain the quality of our publication and to provide the authors with a valuable peer review of their work.